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“Breaking: Chandrayaan-3’s Unbelievable Mission to Conquer the Moon!” | 7 Uknown things

Introduction: Chandrayaan-3 stands as India’s forthcoming lunar exploration endeavor, aimed at propelling the country’s space research and exploration capabilities. Sequel to the triumphs of Chandrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-2, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has initiated the Chandrayaan-3 project to extend its lunar exploration efforts and augment its technological competence in space missions.


India’s initial foray into lunar exploration occurred with the launch of Chandrayaan-1 in 2008. The mission yielded the groundbreaking discovery of water molecules on the lunar surface, revolutionizing understanding of lunar geology and historical processes. In 2019, Chandrayaan-2 undertook a more intricate mission, comprising an orbiter, a lander named Vikram, and a rover named Pragyan. While the lander’s soft landing faced challenges, the orbiter remains operational, transmitting invaluable data back to Earth.

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Chandrayaan-3 Objectives:

The core objective of Chandrayaan-3 revolves around executing a successful soft landing on the lunar terrain, a feat not achieved during the Chandrayaan-2 mission due to the Vikram lander’s unfortunate crash landing. Chandrayaan-3 aims to showcase India’s prowess in lunar landing technology and contribute significantly to lunar exploration endeavors.


Key Components:

Chandrayaan-3 is envisaged to comprise two pivotal components:

  1. Lander: The lander’s pivotal role involves orchestrating the final descent and ensuring a gentle touchdown on the lunar surface. Laden with scientific instruments, the lander will gather essential data concerning lunar topography and environmental conditions. Insights derived from the Chandrayaan-2 lander’s experience will likely inform the design and execution of the Chandrayaan-3 lander.
  2. Rover: Paralleling the Pragyan rover on Chandrayaan-2, the Chandrayaan-3 rover will be primed to traverse the lunar landscape, analyze soil samples, and undertake experiments to decipher the Moon’s composition and distinctive attributes.

Scientific Goals:

Chandrayaan-3’s scientific objectives are set to advance upon the revelations achieved by its predecessors. Some of the projected scientific goals encompass:

  1. Lunar Surface Analysis: Equipped with advanced instruments, the rover will meticulously analyze lunar soil and rocks, unraveling insights into the Moon’s geological evolution and historical processes.
  2. Water and Volatile Studies: Chandrayaan-3 is anticipated to delve deeper into investigating water molecules on the lunar surface, particularly in shadowed regions, fostering an enhanced comprehension of lunar resources and potential avenues for future explorations.
  3. Impact Crater Investigations: By scrutinizing lunar impact craters, Chandrayaan-3 could furnish pivotal insights into the history of cosmic impacts across the solar system and their role in shaping lunar features.

International Collaboration: Drawing from ISRO’s history of fruitful collaborations with international space agencies, Chandrayaan-3 could potentially involve collaborative efforts, encompassing scientific instruments and shared expertise. Such collaborative initiatives could amplify the mission’s scientific outcomes and technological innovations.


Chandrayaan-3 underscores India’s resolute commitment to steering space exploration and research to greater heights. By leveraging insights gained from Chandrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-2, this mission aspires to accomplish a successful lunar soft landing, further elevate our understanding of lunar science, and showcase India’s technological proficiency on the global space arena.

Pulak Banerjee
Pulak Banerjee
Articles: 7

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