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Introduction: Chandrayaan-3 stands as India’s forthcoming lunar exploration endeavor, aimed at propelling the country’s space research and exploration capabilities. Sequel to the triumphs of Chandrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-2, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has initiated the Chandrayaan-3 project to extend its lunar exploration efforts and augment its technological competence in space missions.
India’s initial foray into lunar exploration occurred with the launch of Chandrayaan-1 in 2008. The mission yielded the groundbreaking discovery of water molecules on the lunar surface, revolutionizing understanding of lunar geology and historical processes. In 2019, Chandrayaan-2 undertook a more intricate mission, comprising an orbiter, a lander named Vikram, and a rover named Pragyan. While the lander’s soft landing faced challenges, the orbiter remains operational, transmitting invaluable data back to Earth.
The core objective of Chandrayaan-3 revolves around executing a successful soft landing on the lunar terrain, a feat not achieved during the Chandrayaan-2 mission due to the Vikram lander’s unfortunate crash landing. Chandrayaan-3 aims to showcase India’s prowess in lunar landing technology and contribute significantly to lunar exploration endeavors.
Chandrayaan-3 is envisaged to comprise two pivotal components:
Chandrayaan-3’s scientific objectives are set to advance upon the revelations achieved by its predecessors. Some of the projected scientific goals encompass:
International Collaboration: Drawing from ISRO’s history of fruitful collaborations with international space agencies, Chandrayaan-3 could potentially involve collaborative efforts, encompassing scientific instruments and shared expertise. Such collaborative initiatives could amplify the mission’s scientific outcomes and technological innovations.
Chandrayaan-3 underscores India’s resolute commitment to steering space exploration and research to greater heights. By leveraging insights gained from Chandrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-2, this mission aspires to accomplish a successful lunar soft landing, further elevate our understanding of lunar science, and showcase India’s technological proficiency on the global space arena.